With only a month left till 2019, it is time for us to reflect and see what exactly it is we accomplished in 2018. Which technologies will have a long term impact? Which new advancement will have widespread consequences?

Here I have compiled a list of the TOP TEN advancements in technology in 2018. A list might I add, approved by Forbes AND MIT. Strap yourselves in ladies and gentlemen, for the most notable technological advancements of 2018.

3D Metal Printing

We’ve all become used to 3D plastic printing and the ease it has brought to design and prototyping. Advances in the technology mean that instant metal fabrication is becoming a reality, opening a new world of possibilities.

The ability to create large, intricate metal structures on demand could revolutionise manufacturing.

3D metal printing gives manufacturers the ability to make a single or small number of metal parts rather than using existing mass-production techniques.

Instead of keeping a large inventory of parts, the company can print a part when the customer needs it. Additionally, it can make complex shapes which are not possible with any other method. That can mean lighter or higher performance parts.

Artificial Embryos

For the first time, researchers have made embryo-like structures from stem cells alone. Done without using egg or sperm cells. This will open new possibilities for understanding how life comes into existence. It will also raise vital ethical and even philosophical problems.

Artificial embryos could provide an invaluable scientific tool in understanding how life develops. They could make it possible to create life from a stem cell taken from another embryo. No sperm, no eggs. It would be an unnatural creation of life placed in the hands of laboratory researchers.

Sensing City

Google’s parent company, Alphabet, are implementing sensors and analytics to rethink how cities are built, run, and lived in. The aim is to integrate urban design with cutting edge technology to make “smart cities” more affordable, liveable and environmentally sustainable.

Although it won’t be completed for a few years, it could be the start on smart cities that are cleaner and safer.

Cloud-based AI Services

Key players here include Amazon, Google, IBM and Microsoft. All working on increasing access to machine learning and artificial neural network technology. The availability of artificial intelligence tools in the cloud will mean that advanced machine learning is accessible to many different businesses. That will change everything from manufacturing to logistics, making AI far cheaper and easier for businesses to deploy.

Duelling Neural Networks

This breakthrough promises to give AI Systems “imagination”. Through allowing them to “spar” with each other. Work at Google Brain, Deep Mind and Nvidia is focused on enabling systems that will create ultra-realistic, computer generated images or sounds, beyond what is currently possible.

Duelling Neural Networks describes a breakthrough in artificial intelligence. It allows AI to create images of things it has never seen, giving AI a sense of imagination.

Babel Fish Earbuds

Named for the science-fiction comedy concept introduced by Douglas Adams in The Hitchhiker’s Guide to The Galaxy. These are earbuds utilising instant online translation technology. They let humans understand each other while communicating in different languages, in near real-time.

Google’s Pixel Buds mean that people can carry out a natural conversation with someone speaking a different language.

Although the ear buds themselves are still at an early stage and, reportedly, do not yet function too well, anyone can access the underlying technology today through Google’s voice-activated translation services on computers and mobile devices.

Zero-carbon Natural Gas

New engineering methods make it possible to capture carbon released during the burning of natural gas, avoiding greenhouse emissions, opening up new possibilities for creating clean energy. Currently, 32% of electricity used in the US is produced by burning natural gas – a process which accounts for around 30% of carbon emissions from the power sector. 8 Rivers Capital, Exelon Generation and CB&I are highlighted as key players here.

The clean natural gas technology holds the promise for generating electricity from a cheap and readily available fossil fuel in a way that doesn’t generate carbon emissions.

Perfecting Online Privacy

Blockchain-based privacy systems make it possible for digital transactions to be recorded and validated while protecting the privacy of the information and identities underlying the exchange of information. This means it is easier to disclose information without risking privacy or exposure to threats such as fraud or identity theft.

Genetic Fortune Telling

Huge advances are being made in predictive analytics using genomic data by players including Helix, 23andMe, Myriad Genetics, BK Biobank and the Broad Institute. Making it possible to predict chances of diseases such as cancer, or even IQ, by analysing genetic data. This promises to be the next quantum leap in public health protection, but also raises huge ethical concerns, including the risk of genetic discrimination.

Genetic fortune telling will make it possible to predict the chances that you’ll be smart or below average in intelligence. It will also make it possible to predict behaviour traits. But how will we use that information? Will it change how we educate children and judge their potential?

Materials' Quantum Leap

Using a seven-qubit quantum computer designed by IBM, researchers at Harvard have created the most complete simulation of a simple molecule.

The molecule – beryllium hydride – is the biggest yet simulated by quantum computing.

The promise is that scientists could use quantum computers to design new types of materials and precisely tailor their properties. This could make it possible to design all sorts of miracle materials, such as more efficient solar cells, better catalysts to make clean fuels, and proteins that act as far more effective drugs.